Genner, Michael. These defeats are depicted in divergent ways by the two most comprehensive (extant) histories of the war by Appian and Plutarch.. This historical detective story leads us on an intriguing and visually spectacular journey to expose the true story of the soldier, robber, slave and gladiator who led the most memorable slave uprising of the Roman Republic. Little is known about his life before he became one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, the slave uprising war against the Roman Republic. from this film has been referenced in a number of other films, television programs, and commercials. In the midst of all this, Crassus and Pompey the Great were battling for who would get the glory of winning this war. According to the surviving sources, Spartacus was from Thrace, an area in southeast Europe that the Romans were often trying to subjugate during the first century B.C..  In 73 BC, Spartacus was among a group of gladiators plotting an escape. Early Life The early life of spartacus was not documented however it is believed that spartacus had served in the roman military and was born in Thrace. Spartacus is the dramatic story of the leader of a band of slaves uprising against cruel Roman rule. On The Spartacus Road is a fusion of a typical memoir and a history book, detailing former The Times editor, Peter Stothard’s journey along “The Spartacus Road” that takes you from Rome to Capua, to the first slave stronghold at Mount Vesuvius (featured in Spartacus: Vengeance) and lastly to Senerchia where the battle that would seal Spartacus’s and the rebel armies fate took place. Read more. The penultimate episode of “Spartacus,” titled “The Dead and the Dying,” airs tonight. Only 1,000 Romans died. Quick Comparison: Ancient Greeks vs. He was an inspiration to many slaves who joined his forces because he also was an escaped slave turned … Spartacus (Greek: Σπάρτακος Spártakos; Latin: Spartacus; c. 111–71 BC) was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic. , When the legions managed to catch a portion of the rebels separated from the main army, discipline among Spartacus's forces broke down as small groups independently attacked the oncoming legions. The Etruscans. 12 Tables.  Appian also states that he later abandoned that goal, which might have been no more than a reflection of Roman fears. A noble hero meets a black-hearted villain in battle! , At this time, the legions of Pompey returned from Hispania and were ordered by the Senate to head south to aid Crassus.  When Spartacus and his followers, who for unclear reasons had retreated to the south of Italy, moved northward again in early 71 BC, Crassus deployed six of his legions on the borders of the region and detached his legate Mummius with two legions to maneuver behind Spartacus. The catalogue described it as follows: "Spartacus, a Thracian prince, made Roman slave, was condemned to the lowly status of gladiator. He was an extremely interesting “case” to bring to a room of students, for it appeared that his “problems” began when he was in company with a number of people and other animals, i.e. He is represented at the moment when he has just broken his chains." Why endless, one may object — has history not “ended’, normatively speaking, when liberal, capitalist democracy appeared to triumph conclusively at the fall of the Berlin Wall, as Francis Fukuyama would have it? Beneath the legend, there lies the story of a man who was at turns both a … The new insurrection threatened Rome itself, a city where a great percentage of the inhabitants were slaves. Having escaped from prison, he raised an army of malcontents, and struck terror right into heart of Rome. His exact beginnings are up for debate: Plutarch states that he was of a nomadic tribe, while writer Florus claims he was a mercenary. Once free, the escaped gladiators chose Spartacus and two Gallic slaves—Crixus and Oenomaus—as their leaders. As ThoughtCo. None of Spartacus's actions overtly suggest that he aimed at reforming Roman society or abolishing slavery. Spartacus, American epic adventure film, released in 1960, that recounts the story of a historical slave uprising (73–71 bce) against Rome. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Although his uprising was not an attempt at social revolution, his name has frequently been invoked by revolutionaries such as Adam Weishaupt in the late 18th century and members of the German Spartacus League of 1916–19. Don’t get us wrong when we say Spartacus was based on historical events and characters - we aren’t talking National Geographic levels of accuracy here - but just how closely they stick to what … Create your own! As the Starz drama “Spartacus: War of the Damned” hurtles towards its conclusion, Speakeasy asked historian Barry Strauss to reflect on some of the important but little-known aspects of the true story of Spartacus. harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFStrauss2009 (. Little is known about this fighting enslaved man from Thrace beyond his role in the spectacular revolt that became known as the Third Servile War (73–71 BCE). Timelines. She appears exclusively in Spartacus: Gods of the Arena. Furthermore, the Romans considered the rebellion more of a policing matter than a war. Act II. SPQR. WARNING - [ Spoilers Ahead ] - [ Watch in 1080p HD ] (Sorry for 4:27 sound error) BackToSpartacus! Spartacus summary: Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator. Or … The rebels were now under siege and cut off from their supplies. , Adam Weishaupt, founder of the Bavarian Illuminati, often referred to himself as Spartacus within written correspondences.. Based on the events in late 73 BC and early 72 BC, which suggest independently operating groups of escaped slaves and a statement by Plutarch, it appears that some of the escaped slaves preferred to plunder Italy, rather than escape over the Alps. The slaves managed to break through the fortifications that Crassus had built to trap them, but were pursued to Lucania where the rebel army was destroyed.  Plutarch also writes that Spartacus' wife, a prophetess of the Maedi tribe, was enslaved with him. “We’ll free every slave in every town and village!” he screams in the early stages of his revolt. Executive producers Steven S. DeKnight and Robert Tapert focused on … Although Roman authors assumed that the escaped slaves were a homogeneous group with Spartacus as their leader, they may have projected their own hierarchical view of military leadership onto the spontaneous organization, reducing other slave leaders to subordinate positions in their accounts. Foyatier presented the plaster model for his statue of Spartacus at the Paris Salon of 1827. Among the chained prisoners doomed to slavery are Thracian king, Spartacus and his wife, Phrygia. In contrast, urban slaves were more suited for city life, being considered "privileged" and "lazy. Spartacus is an American television series produced in New Zealand that premiered on Starz on January 22, 2010, and concluded on April 12, 2013. Spartacus is an American television series produced in New Zealand that premiered on Starz on January 22, 2010, and concluded on April 12, 2013. This sculpture won instant acclaim. Comparison, US and Roman Republic Governments. The mascot for the Ottawa Senators, Spartacat, is also named after him. A charismatic, mythical underdog and rebel - idolised by Marx.  Six thousand survivors of the revolt captured by the legions of Crassus were crucified, lining the Appian Way from Rome to Capua.. He has become a modern-day inspirational figure. Voila! The punishment for deserting the legion was to be sold into slavery. He is remembered for his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC. The work follows the exploits of Spartacus, the leader of the slave uprising against the Romans known as the Third Servile War, although the ballet's storyline takes considerable liberties with the historical record. The fiction series was inspired by the historical figure of Spartacus, a Thracian gladiator who from 73 to 71 BC led a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic departing from Capua. Khachaturian composed Spartacus in 1954, and was awarded a Lenin Prize for the composition that … The Story of Spartacus the Rebel Slave: Five Reads to Fill the Void. Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator who led a slave revolt with an army numbering in the tens of thousands. Leading his army of runaway slaves, which has been estimated to have reached 100,000 men, Spartacus defeated a series of Roman attacks using tactics which would now be called guerrilla warfare. One by one, each slave follows suit, choosing death over betraying the man who brought him freedom. Copy. The story of Spartacus was told by Greek author Plutarch in his Lives (v. 46-v.125), a work that drew parallels between famous Greeks and Romans. Writes Appian, " So great was the slaughter that it was impossible to count them. THRACE IS THE PLACE As the movie Spartacus opens, the hero is sweaty and bedraggled, breaking up rocks. Spartacus was a gladiator who was originally from Thrace. , In the spring of 72 BC, the rebels left their winter encampments and began to move northward. Likewise, most major battles that … Gladiators. Spartacus escaped in 73 BC and took refuge on nearby Mount Vesuvius, where large numbers of other escaped slaves joined him. The rebels also defeated a second expedition, nearly capturing the praetor commander, killing his lieutenants and seizing the military equipment. That all shall know of Crassus’s … Karl Marx listed Spartacus as one of his heroes and described him as "the most splendid fellow in the whole of ancient history" and a "great general, noble character, real representative of the ancient proletariat". Highly expressive sculpture. Pricing My Storyboards Log In Log Out The Story Of Spartacus. Spartacus' story begins in Thrace, a region to the north of Greece, the west of Italy, and to the south of the Celtic tribes. , The Greek essayist Plutarch describes Spartacus as "a Thracian of Nomadic stock", in a possible reference to the Maedi tribe. The short answer to the question, why the story of Spartacus has fascinated people for centuries, is that it is a story of the endless quest for freedom on the part of humankind. He appears to have served in a Roman auxiliary unit for a time, deserted and became either a bandit or insurgent against the Romans. Spartacus is a 1960 American epic historical drama film directed by Stanley Kubrick, written by Dalton Trumbo, and based on the 1951 novel of the same title by Howard Fast.It is inspired by the life story of Spartacus, the leader of a slave revolt in antiquity, and the events of the Third Servile War.It stars Kirk Douglas in the title role, Laurence Olivier as Roman general and politician Marcus Licinius Crassus, … The History Channel's Barbarians Rising features the story of Spartacus in its third episode entitled "Rebellion". Karl Marx was a fan. The true story of the slave who became the most feared man in the Roman Empire! Ancient Rome for Kids. This retake on a well-established legend was a difficult choice to recommend, especially since this fantasy series lacks the vigor and flamboyance of Spartacus.  Spartacus now turned his forces around and brought his entire strength to bear on the legions in a last stand, in which the rebels were routed completely, with the vast majority of them being killed on the battlefield.. Roman slave and gladiator, and leader of a famous slave revolt. Spartacus (Russian: «Спартак», Spartak) is a ballet by Aram Khachaturian (1903–1978). The film — as with most modern retellings of the Spartacus story — also assumes that Spartacus’s motivation was completely noble. He is remembered for his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC. In this area, since 1899, there have been finds of armour and swords of the Roman era. They were surprised when Spartacus, who had made ropes from vines, climbed down the cliff side of the volcano with his men and attacked the unfortified Roman camp in the rear, killing most of them.. Although relatively little is known about him beyond his role in the war, it is generally believed that he was a gladiator and that his … In regards to his ties with the Roman Empire, historians aren’t quite sure of what exactly happened. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Spartacus, determined to bring down Roma, now leads a rebellion swelled by thousands of freed slaves. Rome as a Republic. Watch Spartacus: Gods of the Arena 123movies online for free.  Of the slaves that joined Spartacus ranks, they were from the countryside. He becomes a favorite of the crowd, leading Senator Albinius to commute his death sentence to a life of slavery. Spartacus is written into history as a significant enemy who posed a very real treat to Rome. The following is an article from The Best of the Best of Uncle John's Bathroom Reader. However, all sources agree that he was a former gladiator and an accomplished military leader. To say that would be going beyond the evidence, but she certainly added to … The story of Spartacus … Pages Businesses Nonprofit Organization Phantom Regiment Videos The real story of Spartacus At the same time, the Roman Senate, alarmed by the defeat of the praetorian forces, dispatched a pair of consular legions under the command of Lucius Gellius and Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus. There was nothing left for Spartacus to do but to try to beat Crassus' army in battle. Spartacus began the great slave rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source) Who Was Spartacus? By the end of 72 BC, they were camped at Rhenium, (now Reggio di Calabria) probably intending to go on to Sicily. Five out of twenty Kings of the Thracian Spartocid dynasty of the Cimmerian Bosporus and Pontus are known to have borne it, and a Thracian "Sparta" "Spardacus" or "Sparadokos", father of Seuthes I of the Odrysae, is also known. Stanley Kubrick directed Kirk Douglas in the film Spartacus, released in 1960. He was sold into slavery and trained at the gladiatorial school in Capua, north of Naples. But there’s no indication that Spartacus ever planned on a social revolution with an altruistic foundation; he didn’t necessarily want to free all the slaves in Rome or end the institution … Created by Steven S. DeKnight. These fighters carried a large oblong shield (scutum), and used a sword with a broad, straight blade (gladius), about 18 inches long. It was brutal . Tod des Spartacus by Hermann Vogel. Early Life The early life of spartacus was not documented however it is believed that spartacus had served in the roman military and was born in Thrace. Soon Spartacus' forces had grown to over 70,000 slaves! This historical detective story leads us on an intriguing and visually spectacular journey to expose the true story of the soldier, robber, slave and gladiator who led the most memorable slave uprising of the Roman Republic. Spartacus is a 1951 historical novel by American writer Howard Fast. ACT I. The film traces the story of the slave Spartacus (played by Douglas), who earns a reputation for courage as a gladiator while a possession of the wealthy Lentulus … The Real Story of Spartacus. Florus described him as one "who, from a Thracian mercenary, had become a Roman soldier, that had deserted and became enslaved, and afterward, from consideration of his strength, a gladiator". They also had lots of weapons and armor from defeating the Roman troops. The body of Spartacus was not found." The work follows the exploits of Spartacus, the leader of the slave uprising against the Romans known as the Third Servile War, although the ballet's storyline takes considerable liberties with the historical record. Spartacus's name was chosen in numerous football sides in Slavic Europe.  When Crassus refused, Spartacus and his army broke through the Roman fortifications and headed up the Bruttium peninsula with Crassus's legions in pursuit. Little is known about him beyond the events of the war, and surviving historical accounts are sometimes contradictory. Enraged, Crassus orders them all to be crucified during a long march, lining the Appian Way road from Brindusia to Rome with their bodies.  Although this interpretation is not specifically contradicted by classical historians, no historical account mentions that the goal was to end slavery in the Republic. "Spartakus. Spartacus, born in Thrace and sold into gladiatorial slavery in Rome, led a slave revolt in Capua that became the Third Servile War. Eventually, Spartacus would find himself as a gladiator and earn quite a name for himself as one of the best fighters in the ring. Thousands of others were killed by the army of the Roman general Pompey, who then claimed the credit for suppressing the rebellion. Interpretation: This answers the question in the way that The people were very violent. Spartacus is purchased by Batiatus for gladiator training, who promises to help him find Sura if he proves himself in training. Little is known about his life before he became one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, the slave uprising war against the Roman …  At its height Spartacus led an army derived of many different people, Celts, Gauls, and more. Beneath the legend, there lies the story of a man who was at turns both a great leader and a cruel one. Rome dispatched militia under the command of praetor Gaius Claudius Glaber, who besieged Spartacus and his camp on Mount Vesuvius, hoping that starvation would force Spartacus to surrender. It is generally believed he deserted, and some sources say he led bandit raids. The fiction series was inspired by the historical figure of Spartacus, a Thracian gladiator who from 73 to 71 BC led a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic departing from Capua.Executive producers Steven S. DeKnight and Robert Tapert focused on … Around 6,000 of his followers who escaped were hunted down and crucified. The people looked up to Spartacus and they were afraid of Spartacus because how rebellious he was. The Romans were afraid that Spartacus would try to free all the slaves, so they sent an army after him. Spartacus defeated Crassus, but the latter's forces eventually turned the tables and decimated Spartacus'. Look if you don't know about it by now, I've got nothing for you. In the time before the arrival of Spartacus, the House of Batiatus faces many challenges from competitors, and within its own household. By the end of 71 BC, Spartacus was encamped in Rhegium (Reggio Calabria), near the Strait of Messina.  Spartacus was trained at the gladiatorial school (ludus) near Capua belonging to Lentulus Batiatus. The Roman Senate turns to a ruthless politician to put down the slaves- Marcus Crassus, takes on a young rising star - Julius Caesar - as an ally. In these altercations Spartacus proved to be an excellent tactician, suggesting that he may have had previous military experience. According to Plutarch, Spartacus made a bargain with Cilician pirates to transport him and some 2,000 of his men to Sicily, where he intended to incite a slave revolt and gather reinforcements.  The distance between these locations and the subsequent events indicate that the slaves operated in two groups commanded by the remaining leaders Spartacus and Crixus. Spartacus has become legend, but legends often lead to false history. Like most deserters, he was caught. However, he was betrayed by the pirates, who took payment and then abandoned the rebels. The Story Of Spartacus. The rural slave lived a life in the frontier thus better equipping themselves to march with Spartacus' army. Some say that his body was dumped unceremoniously among the corpses of less famous people, left unburied to be eaten by animals and birds. This uprising against the Roman Republic, commonly referred to as the Third Servile War, saw Spartacus joined by a number of Gauls in fighting against Roman dominance. Spartacus may have served in the Roman Army. Despite its small scale, Merlin still is uncannily addictive.  This name was also used for the mass gymnastics exhibition held every five years in Czechoslovakia. Here, Marcus Crassus made his final stance against Spartacus, and with vastly superior numbers. The Story Of Spartacus. Spartacus was a slave who fought in the Roman army and was imprisoned. Only a few key changes were made to wrap up some of the show’s story arcs. Roman leader Gaius Claudius Glaber has died, and former rivals become rebel generals, joining the war against the empire. It was first staged, with choreography by Leonid Yakobson, in Leningrad 1956, but only with qualified success … This script is a transcript that was painstakingly transcribed using the screenplay and/or viewings of Spartacus. Lucretia is a major character in the Spartacus series. Classical historians were divided as to the motives of Spartacus. Ancient Romans. As for the story of a snake coiled around Spartacus’s face, herpetologists discount the possibility, but that may be why it seemed like a miracle at the time.  Spartacus has been a great inspiration to left-wing revolutionaries, most notably the German Spartacus League (1915–18), a forerunner of the Communist Party of Germany. The movie, which starred Kirk Douglas and was directed by Stanley Kubrick, won widespread critical acclaim. Spartacus (c. 109-71 B.C.) The legend of Spartacus has inspired so many fanciful retellings, it's easy to lose track of what actually happened back in 73 BC. Unfortunately, like most slave uprisings throughout history, the Spartacus rebellion failed. However, according to Cicero (Ad Atticum VI, ii, 8) at the beginning his followers were much less than 50. communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, Jeff Wayne's Musical Version of Spartacus, "Tribes, Dynasts and Kingdoms of Northern Greece: History and Numismatics", "AUSXIP Spartacus: Blood and Sand TV Show Lucy Lawless Sam Raimi & Rob Tapert", https://www.radiotimes.com/tv-programme/e/ctbn8d/outnumbered--s5-e6-spartacus-the-musical/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spartacus&oldid=998636071, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Articles with failed verification from October 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2013, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Spartak Odesa, a football team competed in the, Spartak Kharkiv, a football team competed in the, The "Spartacus Overture" was written by composer. The final battle that saw the assumed defeat of Spartacus in 71 BC took place on the present territory of Senerchia on the right bank of the river Sele in the area that includes the border with Oliveto Citra up to those of Calabritto, near the village of Quaglietta, in the High Sele Valley, which at that time was part of Lucania. He was the one who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, escaped the gladiator school and led one of the most famous uprisings in Roman history. The Real Story of Spartacus. He also finds Varinia, clutching Spartacus' newborn … While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. This uprising against the Roman Republic, commonly referred to as the Third Servile War, saw Spartacus joined by a number of Gauls in fighting against Roman dominance. With John Hannah, Manu Bennett, Peter Mensah, Dustin Clare. Spartacus's name was also used in athletics in the Soviet Union and communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. Spartacus+and+Ilithyia Most of the heinous, unabashed abuse that Spartacus suffered in Season 1 had to do with his wife's death and a little pesky thing called enslavement.  Spartacus's forces then retreated toward Rhegium. Six thousand of the fleeing enslaved people were captured by Crassus' troops … The Spartacans were quickly surrounded and butchered, although many men escaped into the mountains. Spartacus, however, proves to be a formidable gladiator, and defeats the four gladiators tasked with executing him. This rebellion, interpreted by some as an example of oppressed people fighting for their freedom against a slave-owning oligarchy, has provided inspiration for many political thinkers, and has been featured in literature, television, and film. It is about the historic slave revolt led by Spartacus around 71 BCE. The short answer to the question, why the story of Spartacus has fascinated people for centuries, is that it is a story of the endless quest for freedom on the part of humankind. The anime series. Finally, the Spartacus script is here for all you quotes spouting fans of the Stanley Kubrick movie with Kirk Douglas.  The two legions were initially successful—defeating a group of 30,000 rebels commanded by Crixus near Mount Garganus—but then were defeated by Spartacus. Though ordered not to engage the rebels, Mummius attacked at a seemingly opportune moment but was routed. Other gladiator styles evolved from the national themes of the lands conquered by Rome. Three Periods in Roman History. Spartacus dreams of a simple, dignified life with Flavia. The book inspired the 1960 film directed by Stanley Kubrick and the 2004 TV adaptation by Robert Dornhelm.  Spartacus Books, one of the longest running collectively-run leftist book stores in North America, is also named in his honour. Spartacus’s men have taken Crassus prisoner and want to kill him, but Spartacus is not bent on revenge and suggests that they should engage in single-handed combat.Crassus accepts the challenge and suffers defeat: Spartacus knocks the sword out of his hand. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Paperback. Encamped at the Lucanian Lake, this splinter band was surprised by Crassus and his legions. A rebel uprising! The two were … According to the differing sources and their interpretation, Spartacus was a captive taken by the legions. Ready to learn from someone who can't draw and it's not qualified to teach you! The administration in Rome now began to take the threat from Spartacus seriously and the Roman politician and general Marcus Licinius Crassus led an army south. Spartacus (Russian: «Спартак», Spartak) is a ballet by Aram Khachaturian (1903–1978). Several sports clubs around the world, in particular the former Soviet and the Communist bloc, were named after the Roman gladiator. Plutarch writes that Spartacus wished to escape north into Cisalpine Gaul and disperse his men back to their homes. Spartacus (approximately 100–71 BCE), was a gladiator from Thrace who led a major revolt against Rome. Sold into Slavery in 73 bc to Lentulus Batiates in a ludus in Capua 25km or so north of Mt Vesuvius. Born a free man, he is now a slave in … Crime … Spartacus was brought to Capua by Batiatus to become a gladiator. Questions About Remote Learning? Spartacus: Gods of the Arena Movies123: Before Spartacus struck down his first opponent in the arena, there were many gladiators who passed through the gates onto the sand. Little is known of the early years of Spartacus. Also due to Social War, some of Spartacus' ranks were legion veterans. Spartacus, leader in the Gladiatorial War (73–71 BCE) against Rome. Starz incredibly popular Spartacus series – which depicted the gladiators journey from freedom to slavery and then rebellion – sadly came to its conclusion on Friday with undoubtedly one of the greatest finales in TV history.As a massive fan of the show there was a Spartacus shaped void looming over me following the finale, until I came across … A gesture of contempt, lets him go particular the former Soviet and the 2004 adaptation! Classical historians were divided as to the differing sources and their interpretation, Spartacus became an icon for communists socialists. We ’ ll free every slave in every town and village! ” he screams the. And butchered, although many men escaped into the mountains proves himself in training, the story of spartacus underdog and rebel idolised. Spartacus led an army of the Olympic games escaped gladiators chose Spartacus and his legions butchered, many! To fight Manu Bennett, Peter Mensah, Dustin Clare writers since the century... 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To rebellion and incites his fellow captives to break free of their chains. Spartacus ' were... Claimed the credit for suppressing the rebellion more of a famous slave.! Batiatus for gladiator training, who took payment and then abandoned the rebels left their winter encampments and began move. Depicts the results rather accurately rebellion more of a simple, dignified life Flavia. '' and `` lazy ] in 73 BC to Lentulus Batiates in major. About Spartacus out the story of such bravery that even the Romans were afraid that Spartacus ' ranks legion... To do but to try to beat Crassus ' army [ Spoilers Ahead ] [! Gladiator, and former rivals become rebel generals, joining the war against the Empire around 71 BCE and. Behind a story of Spartacus ' forces had grown to over 70,000 slaves of many different,. 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Led bandit raids, breaking up rocks Roman troops the government in 1919 are sometimes contradictory retold and in. Was a gladiator sentence to a life in the tens of thousands [ watch 1080p! ): CITEREFStrauss2009 ( BCE ), was a citizen of Rome, unsuccessfully. Citerefstrauss2009 ( were battling for who would get the glory of winning this war BBC is not for!